This doctrine is expressed in the early church creeds, such as the Apostles' Creed and the Nicene Creed. The bread and wine change completely into the body and blood of Christ, and only members of the church can partake of both. purgatory…catholics and protestants believe the EXACT same things on this subject….catholics use the term purgatory which protestants use for HELL… the BIBLE uses the term hades..but this too has been vilified as hell..but both camps believe that there is a WAITING PLACE between earth and heaven or a lower heaven, of peace and joy, not of fire and brimstone , until this earth age is finished…. Any traditions. Protestants on the contrary do not invoke saints, venerate them or use icons and the most common symbol is the empty cross which could be found in abundance in their churches. There is one area of contention, however. Orthodox churches observe seven sacraments: baptism, chrismation or confirmation, Holy Eucharist or communion, penance, matrimony, holy orders and Extreme Unction or anointing of the sick. A single word in Latin, filioque, separates the two, yet this doctrinal distinction was at the core of Orthodoxy's separation from Western Christianity. Another difference between Catholics and Protestants is with regard to communion. Only God is really a saint . Once the split occurred, dialogue continued for another 400 years, ending in the 15th century. The two most prolific groups ever to split from the Catholic Church have been the Eastern Orthodox and Protestant churches. If not, why? So. Here, we enlist some of the basic differences in the teachings of these Churches. The main reason for this wide range is the lack of a common agreement among scholars as … Furthermore, the rank and the position of Mary are also debated by the two sects. Most Protestant groups observe just two sacraments: baptism and communion. Notify me of followup comments via e-mail, Written by : Celine. The beliefs of the Orthodox East and Roman Catholic West may seem similar on the surface, but in reality, they are quite different. The Protestant Reformation, on the other hand, was an entirely internal movement within the Roman Catholic Church. While both are based on the life and teaching of Jesus Christ, there are few differences that led to the separation of various groups within the Christian world. The Catholic and the Orthodox Church are two of the most prominent churches of the world whose differences are more ideological than spiritual. The Church was one NOT under a single head, NOR limited to the West, but was united in consiliarity under 5 equal Patriarchates – Rome, Constantinople, Alexandria, Jerusalem and Antioch. Moreover, Icons play a very central role in the Christian Orthodox belief framework to the extent that it is impossible to understand the Orthodox teachings without studying the icons. The western church was the original (Catholic) church while the Eastern Church came to be known as Orthodox Church. True Christian would go 100% by the Holy Bible to the best of your ability to understand the meanings of the scripture, particularly being a follower of Jesus Christ. The two groups left Catholicism more than four centuries apart and for very different reasons. and updated on May 10, 2018, Difference Between Similar Terms and Objects, Differences between the Orthodox and Protestant Christians, Differences Between Fraternity And Sorority, Difference Between Catholic and Protestant, Difference Between Christianity and Catholicism, Difference Between Mormons and Christians, Difference Between Catholic and Christian, Difference Between Catholic and Christian Bible, Difference Between Primitive Mythology and Classical Mythology, Difference Between Vitamin D and Vitamin D3, Difference Between LCD and LED Televisions, Difference Between Mark Zuckerberg and Bill Gates, Difference Between Civil War and Revolution. Christianity was void of denominations up until the 11th century, however as a result of the ‘Great Schism’ the Christian church was divided into the Eastern Church and western church. Time has taught us there are too many doctrines. It is not even correct to claim the Roman Catholicism has an origin in the 11th century per se – when it split from the Orthodox Catholic faith. But temember. In Protestant Churches, synods and congregations make the decisions regarding decision-making and governance. Regardless of how old we are, we never stop learning. One of Protestantism's core rallying cries was "sola fide," or "faith alone." Because Protestantism began in the West, dialogue between the two groups has been relatively infrequent until modern times. While Protestants are leaning almost exclusively on the Bible as the ultimate authority, the Orthodox Church (both Eastern and Catholic) draw that authority from Tradition (oral or written), Holy Fathers writings, leading Patriarchs’ inspiration (or Pope’s for Catholics), and … Maybe a protestant don’t like to enter an orthodox church but a catholic can. You can not be 100% certain what was 1000 or 2000 years ago and you can’t deny that. Catholics, Protestants and Orthodox venerate the same god, Jesus Christ, considered as the Messiah, and relies on the same sacred book, the Bible. • Being one of the Protestants, Methodists do not subscribe to Papal authority; for the Catholics, the Pope is the true successor of St Peter. Orthodox policy is to have communion in both kinds (i.e. These are the same seven sacraments the Roman Catholic Church observes, although the two groups differ in their understanding of communion. You are either a Christian(follower of Jesus) or something else. Worship. On the other hand the protestant consider Mary to be a holy woman but they reject the idea of her perpetual virginity. Icon is a Greek word meaning Image, and these icons are of sacred personalities including Jesus, Mary and the saints (Davies-Stofka). Robert Allen has been a full-time writer for more than a decade. Your understanding of the church is yours alone. With the exception of the Anglicans and some Lutherans, this idea is rejected. Some believe Christ is spiritually present in the elements in a way similar to Orthodox belief. DifferenceBetween.net. It dates back to the first century and, today, is divided into various denominations. In other words, while all Catholics are Christian, not all Christians are Ca… This belief is commonly referred to as “sola scriptura” and is one of the “five solas” (sola is Latin for “alone”) that came out of the Protestant Reformation as summaries of some of the differences between Catholics and Protestants. Another related point of disagreement is regarding purgatory. So far as I know neither the Orthodox or Protestant Churches have doctrines regarding “salivation,” though both do have doctrines of salvation. Others believe communion is simply a memorial and that it does not, by itself, necessitate Christ's presence. The belief of salivation differs significantly. The differences between Protestants, Catholics, and Orthodox are thus more in the way of practicing religion, one could refer to differences in "style". The Catholic Church is the one which was originated in the 11 century. The bible is also man made. Question: What's the difference between a Catholic Bible and a Protestant one? They argue that salvation is available to all people and all humans can potentially manifest signs of a spiritual unity with the Holy Trinity (Davies-Stofka). The orthodox associate the concept of deification with salvation and believe that salvation is a process through which man’s body and soul is deified and the complete deification does not take place till the last day. See disclaimer. Orthodox Christians reject the idea that faith can exist alone without good works. The Orthodox Church is the original church Jesus has established for 2000 years ago. The Orthodox consider the ‘Holy tradition’ of the church to be divinely inspired along with the Bible but the Protestants only consider Bible as divinely inspired. Orthodox Christians believe that Christ is mystically and spiritually present in the communion bread and wine, while Catholics believe the bread and wine truly but invisibly transform into Christ's body and blood. Whethere you use the word christian to define the other doctrines is greatly debatable! • Categorized under Religion | Differences between the Orthodox and Protestant Christians. Catholicism is the largest and world’s oldest continuous Christian institution which had more than 1.3 billion baptized adherents by 2017. They believe faith will always demonstrate itself in love for God and love for others. However, some Anglican Churches allow women to be priests. Allen earned a bachelor's degree in history and religion/philosophy from Indiana Wesleyan University, a master's degree in humanities from Central Michigan University and completed his graduate studies at Christian Theological Seminary. Christianity seems to be divided into the Eastern and Western churches that are referred to as Orthodox and Catholics respectively. The consecrated elements can only be received by members. In this post, we list some of the differences between the doctrine and theology of Orthodox and the Roman Catholic Churches.. This is the belief that faith is the only requirement a person must meet in order to be forgiven of sin and justified before God. The authority of church is another point of disagreement between the two denominations. The Catholics' views on the spiritual office are reflected in the Eucharist, … Orthodox and Protestant Christians differ in terms of their beliefs, practices, symbolism and religious understanding. Or has ever Jesus said that Mary is above all saints? hahahahha..even in pauls day there were DIVISIONS among rhe churches The concept of salvation is also different in the two sects. They reject the idea of apostolic succession advocated by Catholics. Just like yours. Topic Orthodox Protestant Roman Catholic Apostolic Succession This is an important part of Orthodox belief and ensures continuity with the church that Christ founded. The Orthodox Christians consider Mary to be the bearer of god and a virgin. Christianity is one of the worlds largest religions. Catholicism, in turn, is the largest denomination of Christianity. If ANY church of those is to be considered “original” it would be Jerusalem and Antioch whose founding and apostolic succession pre-dates any others. But in 2008, Catholic Easter was March 23 and Orthodox Easter was April 27. Although the Protestants also believe in the day of judgment (the last day) when all the humans will be resurrected but they accentuate that salvation is not just an experience for the afterlife; it is a journey that gradually results into transformation into the likeness of the Christ and filling of the Holy spirit (Vial). | differences between the Orthodox and Catholic because of many thing including fasting food and the Roman church... Their religious belief framework while the Eastern and Western churches that are considered to be divided the... Information, please contact us use the Word Christian to define the other hand, was an entirely movement. This list is not exhaustive and only members of the differences between the Orthodox Christians the! Or `` faith alone. authority of church is the original ( Catholic ) while... Consider Apocrypha as divinely inspired and important- Protestants don ’ t like enter. 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