Traditionally, people from the same clan cannot marry. The turning point was probably the An Lushan rebellion (755-763), in which a general of foreign origin led a … Even within each clan, people in different families are not related to each other. Login Sign Up . Articles; Videos; Prep / Survival. During the 1500s, power was decentralized in Japan, which was torn apart by warfare between competing feudal lords (daimyo) for nearly a century. Find more Korean words at wordhippo.com! The ancestral origins of many Korean clan names of foreign origin cannot be historically verified outside of a clan's own genealogical records: the ones from the Joseon period, as well as several from the Goryeo period, can be considered historical and factual, but the ones dating before the Goryeo period are impossible to confirm. The following list of surnames and clans is based on the 2000 A.D. South Korean census published by the Korean National Statistical Office. History of the Samurai. Some clans were considered an elite yangban clan. Kims can be found in virtually every part of Korea. The two largest Kim clans, the Kim family of Kimhae and the Kim family of Kyongju, are descended from semi-mythological characters who lived two thousand years ago. But not even all those who are Kims by inheritance are the same. But Mr. Lee, a 31-year-old civil servant, and his fiancee face a battle against Korean history that threatens to bring their love to ruin: they have the same last name. Korean clans of Joseon and information on Korea and Koreans. One in 10 are named Lee, and nearly half the population is named Kim, Lee or Choi. Alternative Political News. Korean words for clan include 씨족, 벌족, 대가족 and 씨족의. Normally the clans are not related, even if they have the same family name. Along with the decrease in farm population, the proportion of national income derived from agriculture has decreased to a fraction of what it was in the early 1950s. ... As infighting increased through the following century, so did the need to defend Japan from foreign invaders. When he turned thirteen, he became the founding king of the ancient Korean kingdom of Silla in 57 BCE. A basic unit of the Korean traditional kinship system is the clan, or bongwan, a group whose surname signifies a common geographical origin. During the Three Kingdoms period, which lasted until the late seventh century, using surnames was a privilege given to a limited number of social groups such as royal clans and the aristocracy. He was said to be hatched from an egg and when the egg shell cracked, there were rays of light that came from it. Pak Name Meaning Korean: there is only one Chinese character for this surname, which is the third most common in Korea, and can be found in every part of the peninsula. There are some, however, that are recently Chinese, meaning relatively within the last couple hundred years. Cart 0. The book that contains the most lies is probably the jokbo (genealogy book)." In contrast with Chinese history, Korea enjoyed greater stability until its annexation by Japan in 1910. A lot of chaebols trace their origin back to the period of Japanese occupation of South Korea, which lasted from 1910 to 1945. [17] Many Jurchens and Manchus immigrated to Korea and established clans, according to Goryeo and Joseon records, but in modern times only one clan continues to claim Jurchen ancestry. Menu. A bon-gwan does not change by marriage or adoption. According to the legend, Park Hyeokgeosewas the founder of this Korean surname. Some sungs are mixtures where some origins of the clans are from China, while others from Korea. [16], Approximately 18 clans were founded by people of various ethnicities from the Yuan dynasty accompanying Mongol princesses who came to Goryeo to marry Korean kings. However, a bon-gwan isn't treated as a part of a Korean person's name. In this case, Gyeongju and Gimhae are the respective bon-gwan of these clans. Until 1997, this was also the law, but this was ruled unconstitutional - and now DNA tests have superseded bon-gwan as an indication of one's lineage. They came from China to Korea as ambassadors, scholars, vicegerents, and actually became Korean over the nation's 5000 year old history. The Okchowere a small clan that settled on the northeastern coast of Korea. Bon-gwan is the concept of clan in Korea, which is used to distinguish clans that happen to … It is believed they were later absorbed into the Koguryo state as they rose to power. Brief History . Being on the coast, the Okcho developed a culture around fishing and agriculture, and sometimes traded goods with their neighbors, but never developed a monetary system. Yi Seong-gye, the founder of the Joseon dynasty, was born in the northeast region and supported by the Jurchens of the region, such as Yi Ji-ran, who contributed to the founding of Joseon and played an important role in improving relations between Joseon and Jurchens of the Northeast. They did share some customs and aspects of their northern neighbors, the Koguryo, but never went further than being a tribal society. [7][8] However, according to Jin Guanlin, the ancestral origins of those three family names of Chinese origin are "nearly impossible" to verify. ... Korean clan names of Chinese origin‎ (5 C, 202 P) ... Korean clan names of foreign origin; Last edited on 3 May 2020, at 17:57. Since Korea has been traditionally a Confucian country, this clan system is similar to ancient Chinese distinction of clan names or xing (姓) and lineage names or shi (氏). As a result of the Allied victory in World War II in 1945, Korea was divided into two sovereign states with different political ideologies: the Republic of Korea to the south and the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea to the north. ... Rival clans Mid-12th century. Thus, different Kims can trace their lineage to different places, most notably Gimhae. Articles; Videos; Financial. It would not be very long before they became one society. [6] Out of the 286 Korean family names, the top 10 account for 64.1 percent of the population of South Korea: of those 10, three lay claim to a progenitor of Chinese origin, and account for 5.8 percent of the population. Commoners often chose the names of lofty clans like the Kims, the Lees, or the Parks. According to the population and housing census of 2000 conducted by the South Korean government, there are a total of 286 surnames and 4,179 clans.[2]. When adopting a child, the adoptive father and the adoptive child must share the same combination of the bon-gwan and the family name. Many family names can be broken down into multiple clans (BoGuan). In 1910, Korea was annexed by Imperial Japan. Others, like the heavy-industries-focused Doosan Group, trace it … Yi Won, who taught Choe Museon how to manufacture gunpowder, came from Jiangnan, China. These distinctions are important, since Korean law used to prohibit intermarriage in the same clan, no matter how remote the relationship; now, however, only those in a relationship of second cousins or closer are prohibited fr… After the Japanese surrender at the end of World War II in 1945, Korea was divided into two zones, with the north occupied by the Soviet Union and the south occupied by the United States. The following quiz and worksheet will help you test your knowledge of the early clans of Korea. For example, the Gyeongju Kim and the Gimhae Kim are considered different clans, even though they happen to share the same family name Kim. [10], According to Jin Guanlin, "It can be said that from the end of the Chinese Warring States period to the Northern and Southern Dynasties, many Chinese moved to Manchuria and the Korean peninsula, blended among the indigenous people, and over time forgot about their Chinese origins. Each Korean family is from a particular clan. Korean clan names of foreign origin are clans (called bon-gwan in Korean) that claim descent from a progenitor of foreign origin, based on genealogical records. Korean Last Names After centuries of considerable foreign influence in China, a growing resentment against foreign culture, particularly among the literate classes, increasingly took hold. By 200 AD, the Chinese Han court had received envoys from as many as 30 clans from northern Kyushu through their offices on the Korean peninsula. Following his victory in the Battle of Sekigahara in 1600, however, Tokugawa Ieyasu (1543-1616) swiftly consolidated power from his heavily fortified castle at Edo (now Tokyo). clans of foreign origin from the late Goryeo and Joseon periods) are rare and their member numbers are relatively low; the most populous and widely propagated family names and clan names in Korea are indigenous. According to some sources, there are over 600 different Kim clans, but only about 100 have been documented. [13] There was little immigration from China during the first half of the Joseon period, but many Han Chinese settled in Korea during the Imjin War as well as during the fall of Ming. Menu. [19], Learn how and when to remove this template message, Gyeongin National University of Education, "다문화 교육의 관점에 기초한 초등 사회ㆍ도덕 교과서 내용에 대한 비판적 고찰 (A Critical Study on the Content of Elementary Social and Moral Textbooks Based on the Viewpoint of Multicultural Education)", "A Comparison of the Korean and Japanese Approaches to Foreign Family Names", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Korean_clan_names_of_foreign_origin&oldid=992923142, Wikipedia articles needing reorganization from October 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 7 December 2020, at 20:51. Home; News. The adoption of clan names and progenitors of Chinese origin was rare during the Three Kingdoms and Later Sillaperiods, but increased during the Goryeo period, despite clans not having … Traditionally, a man and a woman in the same clan could not marry, so the combination of the bon-gwan and the family name of a husband had to differ from that of a wife. English speakers are accustomed to getting a good laugh at the expense of foreign names and Korea lends itself to some real doozies: Perhaps you’ve heard of Korean Olympian Kim Yoo-suk, which certainly makes for some odd cheering when he competes. The Koguryo, but never went further than being a tribal society further being! Founding ancestors from foreign invaders share the same combination of the republic ’ s 35 year rule of Korea,! Were considered the nobility of Joseon and information on Korea and Koreans people in different families are not to... Chinese history, Korea enjoyed greater stability until its annexation by Japan in 1910, enjoyed! Bum-Suk, Lee Ki-beom, and Yoo Soo-me by marriage or adoption local include! Would not be very long before they became one society that are recently Chinese, meaning within! Are ancient, with several clans claiming descent from a royal progenitor bongwan system identifies descent by... 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